Bessera - How to care for and grow Bessera plants
HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS
There Bessera, not very well known and widespread, produces spectacular orange-red flowers so much to be called coral drops.
Species: see the paragraph on "Main species"
The genre Bessera includes perennials, herbaceous and bulbous plants, native to Mexico and the areas of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. To date, its taxonomic status is quite controversial as botanists now agree to attribute this genus to the Liliaceae family, now to that of Amaryllidaceae, now to that of Themidaceae. Furthermore, the genus is often confused with the Beheria genus, even if, from the latest phylogenetic analyzes, it seems that the genera Beheria and Besserasiano are independent of each other.
They are not very well known and widespread plants.
In the genre Bessera we find the species:
The species Bessera elegans it is characterized by stems up to 50 cm long and very thin.
The flowers are very beautiful, gathered in terminal umbels, pendulous, of a red-orange color, with a diameter of 4-5 cm from whose corolla the stamens and the pistil protrude.
Given the spectacular nature of its flowers this plant is also called coral drops "Coral drops".
The Bessera they are not easy to grow plants.
Temperatures must not drop below 7 ° C, in fact they are generally grown in pots to be placed inside the house during the winter season.
The bulbs (corms), if the plant has been raised in the ground, once the plant has withered and the leaves have dried, it is preferable that they be stored in a dry environment and at a temperature not below 7 ° C, for example between sawdust for be transplanted in late spring (May - June). If the plant has been grown in pots, it is necessary to stop watering from the moment in which it loses its leaves to restart very moderately in late spring (May - June), to stimulate the vegetative restart.
They are plants that need direct sun to grow robust.
If you observe that the flower stems are unable to hold the inflorescence, it is advisable to support them with special braces.
The Bessera they must be watered with caution: during the whole autumn-winter period, the plant enters vegetative rest therefore the watering must be suspended; to restart the plant, in late spring (May - June), start watering but in moderation; when the flowers appear, increase the frequency of watering while maintaining a good level of humidity; when the plant fades, start reducing watering again until it is almost suspended with the disappearance of the leaves.
TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT
A good mix for the Bessera it could be made up of two thirds of fertile soil, one third of peat and a good supply of sand to favor the drainage of the watering water.
The bulbs should be planted about 4cm deep in late spring.
Considering that they are plants that fear humidity, it is preferable to use terracotta pots that allow the soil to breathe and therefore correct any irrigation errors.
There Bessera it must be fertilized regularly starting from the vegetative restart and up to the moment of flowering. After which fertilization must be suspended. The fertilizer diluted in the irrigation water every two weeks, halving the doses compared to what is reported in the fertilizer package.
It is advisable to use a fertilizer that in addition to having macroelements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) also has microelements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for proper plant growth.
The Bessera they are not pruned. Only the parts of the plant that dry out or become damaged over time are eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.
The flowering of the Bessera occurs in summer - autumn and only if temperatures are high enough.
The multiplication can take place by seed or by division of the bulbs in summer.
PARASITES AND DISEASES
They are not plants that are particularly prone to diseases.
The name of the genusBessera it was dedicated to the Austrian botanist von Besser Wilbald Sweibert Joseph Gottlieb (1784–1842).
(1) Image taken from Gardenimport.com
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